Speeding Up Gradle Executions with Parallelisation

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This is another shamelessly stolen tip from Jack Gough, thanks for sharing with me!

Waiting for builds to run is well documented as a cause for developers' poor productivity, but there are things we can do to make our lives easier, and parallelise where possible.

Running Gradle in Parallel

One of the easier improvements, according to Gradle's docs, is that we can look at executing Gradle in parallel across all projects/subprojects.

Although this may not gain you much benefit right now if you're only using a single project, it's worthwhile adding to the gradle.properties file in the root of your project:


Running JUnit5 in Parallel

Another win when using JUnit5 is to set up parallel execution.

We can configure this in our build.gradle when setting up our tests, i.e.:

test {
        // Configuration parameters to execute top-level classes in parallel but methods in same thread
        'junit.jupiter.execution.parallel.enabled': 'true',
        'junit.jupiter.execution.parallel.mode.default': 'same_thread',
        'junit.jupiter.execution.parallel.mode.classes.default': 'concurrent',

Or our build.gradle.kts:

tasks.withType<Test> {
      // Configuration parameters to execute top-level classes in parallel but methods in same thread
      systemProperties["junit.jupiter.execution.parallel.enabled"] = "true"
      systemProperties["junit.jupiter.execution.parallel.mode.default"] = "same_thread"
      systemProperties["junit.jupiter.execution.parallel.mode.classes.default"] = "concurrent"

This will then apply it over each test run in our project, allowing us to significantly speed up our builds.

Beware: Thread-specific issues

However, we may hit issues where our tests don't expect to be running across multiple threads. To avoid these, we can look at the root cause.

I've seen this more commonly when using slf4j-test for testing your SLF4J logs, where we need to make sure we use the right thread-safe option, so we don't clear / retrieve logs from different threads:


If it's too much difficulty, we can always fall back to the @Isolated annotation on the test class.

Written by Jamie Tanna's profile image Jamie Tanna on , and last updated on .

Content for this article is shared under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 4.0 International, and code is shared under the Apache License 2.0.

#blogumentation #java #testing #gradle.

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