file in Chef doesn't actually
Note - this is slightly clickbait, as this behaviour is somewhat documented in the Chef docs for the
file resource, although it is not made obvious, and can be a little gotcha.
I ran into this issue recently where I was doing an audit of one of my cookbooks to ensure that no plaintext credentials were being left on the box, despite me telling Chef to remove the file.
I had a Chef recipe such as:
file '/tmp/abc.txt' do content 'secret file' end # do something with the credentials file file '/tmp/abc.txt' do action :delete end
When running this on a node, Chef told me that it had deleted the file as part of the Chef run:
Starting Chef Client, version 13.6.4 Creating a new client identity for default-debian using the validator key. resolving cookbooks for run list: ["fake-cookbook::default"] Synchronizing Cookbooks: - fake-cookbook (0.1.0) Installing Cookbook Gems: Compiling Cookbooks... Converging 2 resources Recipe: fake-cookbook::default * file[/tmp/abc.txt] action create - create new file /tmp/abc.txt - update content in file /tmp/abc.txt from none to c78470 --- /tmp/abc.txt 2018-04-29 20:39:28.783960115 +0000 +++ /tmp/.chef-abc20180429-100-12fjr5z.txt 2018-04-29 20:39:28.783960115 +0000 @@ -1 +1,2 @@ +secret file * file[/tmp/abc.txt] action delete - delete file /tmp/abc.txt Running handlers: Running handlers complete Chef Client finished, 2/2 resources updated in 01 seconds Finished converging <default-debian> (0m37.63s).
And when logging onto the box, I can verify that this file no longer exists:
$ ls -al /tmp total 32 drwxrwxrwt 1 root root 62 Apr 29 20:39 . drwxr-xr-x 1 root root 152 Apr 29 20:38 .. -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 23425 Apr 29 20:38 install.sh drwxr-xr-x 1 kitchen kitchen 146 Apr 29 20:39 kitchen -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 2 Apr 29 20:38 sshd.pid -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 419 Apr 29 20:38 stderr
But when looking around, I found that there was a folder on the node with the file intact:
$ find /tmp/kitchen/backup/ /tmp/kitchen/backup/ /tmp/kitchen/backup/tmp /tmp/kitchen/backup/tmp/abc.txt.chef-20180429203928.788594
Note that in Test Kitchen's case, this is
/tmp/kitchen/backup, but in a regular Chef client run, it will be the value of
file_backup_path in the
It turns out that this is because a
file resource's property
backup defaults to
5, which means that there is actually a copy of the file with its super secret contents:
$ cat /tmp/kitchen/backup/tmp/abc.txt.chef-20180429203928.788594 secret file
The best way to avoid this is simply to add the
backup false property:
file '/tmp/abc.txt' do action :delete + backup false end
And as we can now see, that folder no longer exists with a copy of our secret file!
$ find /tmp/kitchen/backup find: `/tmp/kitchen/backup': No such file or directory